David-Gareja complex of Georgian cave monasteries.
David-Gareja complex of Georgian cave monasteries of the 6th century, located 60 km south-east of Tbilisi, on the Georgian-Azerbaijani border, and extending for 25 km along the slopes of the semi-desert Gareji Ridge. The state border between Georgia and Azeibaidzhan divides the David-Gareji monastic complex into two parts. The complex consists of about 20 monasteries carved into the rocks and covers the territories of three districts of Georgia – Gardaban, Sagaredzh and Signakh. The main monastery is considered the monastery of St. David, which is located on the northern slope of the mountain that separates Georgia and Azerbaijan. The border runs along the top of the mountain, which Georgian historians call Udabno, after the name of one of the monasteries. This monastery is located on Azerbaijani territory – on the southern slope of the mountain. In addition to them, on the southern slope of the mountain there are more than 100 caves that were used by the monks as cells. The Bertubani Monastery (dating back to the 12th century), which is about two kilometers away, is the most distant from the border.
In many churches and refectory monasteries frescoes of the 8th — 14th centuries are preserved. With portraits of historical figures, including a portrait of Queen Tamara.